The War Diary of Lieutenant William L Hayes M C



On line:

At the Canadian Archives :

Personal Papers of WLH and others

War Diary of the 2nd Canadian Division

War Diary of the 6th Infantry Brigade

War Diary of the 28th Battalion

Other sources are listed with the text.


….. Trench Orders, a replica printed by The Memorabilia Pack Co., Edinburgh (


Berton, Pierre, VimyPenguin Books Canada, 1987 (probably the best description of the battle)


Cave, Nigel, Sanctuary Wood & Hooge (Ypres) Battleground Europe Series, Leo Cooper, London, 1993


Doyle, Peter & Walker, Julian, Trench Talk, Words of the First World War, The History Press, Gloucestershire, 2012


Grant, R G, World War I, The Definitive Visual Guide, Dorking Kindersley, London, 2014


Hasting, Max, Catastrophe, Europe Goes to War 1914, William Collins, 2014


Holt, Tonie and Valmai Battlefields of the First World War, A Travellers Guide, Pavilion Books Ltd., London 1993


Macintyre, D E, Canada at Vimy, Peter Martin Associates, 1967


Macksey, Kenneth, The Shadow of Vimy Ridge, William Kimber, London, 1965


Nicholson, Colonel G W L, Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914—1919, Queens Printer, Ottawa, 1962 *


Otter, Major General Sir William D., The Guide: A Manual for The Canadian Militia (infantry), The Copp, Clark Company, Limited, 1914


Robinson, Phillip and Cave, Nigel, The Underground War, Vimy Ridge to Arras, Pen and Sword Books Ltd., 2011


Sheffield, Gary, The First World War in 100 Objects, Sevenoaks, Carlton Publishing Group, London, 2013


Westwell, Ian, A Complete Visual History of the Weapons of World War One, Hermes House, Anness Publishing, Leicester, 2011

Wherever possible, permission has been sought for the use of photographs, maps and archive material.  In some cases, this has not been possible and I would be very grateful if copyright holders could contact me so that proper accreditation can be given and/or permissions obtained. (  ( Short Cut to War Diaries of the  28th Bn)  Chronology

Grateful thanks must be given to Major J E Fender (retired) for information, corrections and details too numerous to mention. This tribute would have had a limited level of authenticity without his advice.

* Not known at the time of writing, a great many of the maps and sketches originate from Nicholson’s history of the CEF. On at last finding this book, credit can now be given for the incredible resource that it is.