The War Diary of Lieutenant William L Hayes M C


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Major References

On line:

At the Canadian Archives :

Personal Papers of WLH and others

War Diary of the 2nd Canadian Division

War Diary of the 6th Infantry Brigade

War Diary of the 28th Battalion

Other sources are listed with the text.

Selected Books:

….. Trench Orders, a replica printed by The Memorabilia Pack Co., Edinburgh (

Berton, Pierre, Vimy, Penguin Books Canada, 1987 (probably the best description of the battle)

Cave, Nigel, Sanctuary Wood & Hooge (Ypres) Battleground Europe Series, Leo Cooper, London, 1993

Doyle, Peter & Walker, Julian, Trench Talk, Words of the First World War, The History Press, Gloucestershire, 2012

Grant, R G, World War I, The Definitive Visual Guide, Dorking Kindersley, London, 2014

Hasting, Max, Catastrophe, Europe Goes to War 1914, William Collins, 2014

Holt, Tonie and Valmai Battlefields of the First World War, A Travellers Guide, Pavilion Books Ltd., London 1993

Macintyre, D E, Canada at Vimy, Peter Martin Associates, 1967

Macksey, Kenneth, The Shadow of Vimy Ridge, William Kimber, London, 1965

Noyes, Frederick Walter, Stretcher-bearers the double!..: History of the Fifth Canadian field ambulance which served overseas during the great war of 1914 - 1918,  Hunter, Rose & Company, Toronto, 1937

Otter, Major General Sir William D., The Guide: A Manual for The Canadian Militia (infantry), The Copp, Clark Company, Limited, Toronto 1914

Robinson, Phillip and Cave, Nigel, The Underground War, Vimy Ridge to Arras, Pen and Sword Books Ltd., 2011

Sheffield, Gary, The First World War in 100 Objects, Sevenoaks, Carlton Publishing Group, London, 2013

Westwell, Ian, A Complete Visual History of the Weapons of World War One, Hermes House, Anness Publishing, Leicester, 2011

Wherever possible, permission has been sought for the use of photographs, maps and archive material. In some cases, this has not been possible and I would be very grateful if copyright holders could contact me so that proper accreditation can be given and/or permissions obtained. (

Grateful thanks must be given to Major J E Fender (retired) for information, corrections and details too numerous to mention. This tribute would have had a limited level of authenticity without his advice.

Also of Interest ( Short Cut to War Diaries of the 28th Bn) Chronology

More Books: The greatest source of information, detail, maps, sketches and general and specific history of the Canadian Army in the Great War has to be:

Nicholson CD, Col G W L, Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War, Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919, Queen’s Printer, Ottawa, 1962

Women in the Great War

Moore, Wendy, Endell Street, The Trailblazing Women who Ran World War One’s Most Remarkable Military Hosptial Atlantic Books, London, 2020

Shipton, Elisabeth, Female Tommies, The Frontline Women of the First World War, The History Press, Stroud, Gloucestershire, 2014

Starns, Penny, Sisters of the Somme, True Stories from a First World War Field Hospital, The History Press, Stroud, Gloucestershire, 2016